What Are Cataracts?
A cataract is a clouding of the eye's natural lens, which lies behind the iris and the pupil. Cataracts is a disease of the eye that results in the clouding of the lens of the eyeball.
Cataracts prevent clear images from appearing on the eye’s retina; causing mild, moderate, even severe blurred vision.
What Causes Cataracts?
Cataracts are part of the natural aging process of the eye and therefore, if you live to an old age, you will likely eventually develop one. While most cases of cataracts develop as part of this process, there are instances of congenital cataracts which are present at birth.
Further, secondary or traumatic cataracts can occur at any age as a result of an eye injury, surgery or disease.
How Do Cataracts Interrupt Our Vision?
Normally, the lens in your eye is normally transparent. The lens, located inside the eye, behind the iris and the pupil, focuses light onto the retina at the back of your eye, where it is converted to nerve signals that are passed to the brain, allowing you to see.
When your lens becomes cloudy, the images projected onto your retina become blurry and unfocused and therefore the signal to the brain is also unclear. You can compare this to looking through a dirty or cloudy window. If the window is not clear, you can’t see well.
Detecting CataractsDuring the evaluation of your eye health, an eye doctor will carefully examine your lens for signs of cataract formation. If a cataract is noticed and the clouding is causing visual disruption, an optometrist will refer you to a trusted and respected cataract surgeon for surgery, which is the only known cure for cataracts. Dr.'s Eyecare LASIK and Eye Surgery Center, will be there for you providing pre and post cataract surgery care in , New Jersey.