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Home » What’s New » Know the Risks and Symptoms of Diabetic Eye Disease

Know the Risks and Symptoms of Diabetic Eye Disease

Are you aware that having diabetes increases the risk of developing several eye-related conditions? These conditions include diabetic retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma, and also a number of other conditions that can still effect your vision.

Diabetic retinopathy, which occurs due to high blood glucose levels causing harm to the network of blood vessels in the retina. It's also an extremely common cause of blindness in adults.

Even though cataracts, which lead to the loss of vision, and are a typical part of aging, many people don't know that diabetes patients are likely to develop these at an earlier age.

People with diabetes are twice as likely to develop glaucoma, which is can result in vision impairment. This disease is categorized by optic nerve damage, and this can lead to the worsening of vision. If glaucoma isn't properly dealt with, the vision loss can be irreparable.

All diabetes sufferers, type 1 or 2, are at a heightened risk of diabetic eye disease, even more so if their diabetes isn't adequately dealt with. Other risk factors include obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, poor diet and exercise, and smoking.

Symptoms of diabetic eye diseases often shift with blood sugar levels. These generally include:

  • Blurry or distorted vision which is subject to fluctuation
  • Blind spots or floaters
  • Double vision
  • Eye Pain
  • Scotoma
  • Problems with near vision
  • Corneal abrasions

It is crucial to know that the onset of diabetic eye disease can occur prior to its symptoms even being noticed.


Early detection can mean the difference between sight and total blindness and is usually a prerequisite for avoiding subsequent vision loss and recovery of sight, if possible. For this reason, diabetes patients are strongly advised to have a yearly eye exam to keep tabs on their eye health. If you suffer from diabetes, make sure you are informed about the risks and prevention of diabetic eye disease. A yearly eye exam, coupled with good lifestyle habits, can save your vision.